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fire

时间:2021-09-10 06:04人气:来源: 未知
n. 火, 炉火, 电炉, 火灾, 闪光体, 炮火, 热情
vt. 点燃, 烧制, 使发光, 激动, 放枪, 解雇
vi. 着火, 烧火, 开枪, 射击, 激动
【医】 发热; 火
相关词组:
go through fire and water
hold fire
on fire
on the fire
set fire to...
set...on fire
under fire
fire out
fire up名词:firer 动词过去式:fired 过去分词:fired 现在分词:firing 第三人称单数:fires 形容词:fireable 
discharge, dismiss, fire
这些动词都有“解雇,开除”之意。
discharge: 语气较重,指有理由的解雇,含几乎不再复用的意味。
dismiss: 正式用词,是这组词中语气最轻的一个词,一般只有从上文才能看解雇的原因或理由。
fire: 口语用词,多指被断然地突然解雇,其行动犹如开枪一样干净利落。
kindle, fire, ignite, light
这些动词均含“点燃、着火”之意。
kindle: 指艰难或缓慢地把可燃料点燃,可用于比喻。
fire: 普通用词,指将某物点燃使其燃烧起来,火势可大可小。
ignite: 多用于科技文体,指使某物受热直到燃烧或发光,也可指用火花使易燃物迅速燃烧起来。
light: 普通用词,指点燃易燃物,使其能发光,满足各种需要。

名词 fire:

  1. the event of something burning (often destructive)
  2. the process of combustion of inflammable materials producing heat and light and (often) smoke
    同义词:flame, flaming
  3. the act of firing weapons or artillery at an enemy
    同义词:firing
  4. a fireplace in which a relatively small fire is burning
  5. intense adverse criticism
    同义词:attack, flak, flack, blast
  6. feelings of great warmth and intensity
    同义词:ardor, ardour, fervor, fervour, fervency, fervidness
  7. once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles)
  8. a severe trial

动词 fire:

  1. start firing a weapon
    同义词:open fire
  2. cause to go off
    同义词:discharge
  3. bake in a kiln so as to harden
  4. terminate the employment of
    同义词:give notice, can, dismiss, give the axe, send away, sack, force out, give the sack, terminate
  5. go off or discharge
    同义词:discharge, go off
  6. drive out or away by or as if by fire
  7. call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses)
    同义词:arouse, elicit, enkindle, kindle, evoke, raise, provoke
  8. destroy by fire
    同义词:burn, burn down
  9. provide with fuel
    同义词:fuel
  1. The engine is only firing on three cylinders.
    这发动机只有三个汽缸工作。
  2. The house is on fire!
    房子着火了!
  3. The government is under fire from all sides on its economic policy.
    政府在经济政策上受到各方的严厉批评。
  4. A cigarette thrown into the woods in dry weather may start a fire.
    在天气干燥时把点燃的香烟扔进树林可能会引起火灾。
  5. She fired her gun at them.
    她用枪向他们射击。
  6. He was fired by his boss.
    他被他的老板解雇了。

fire

n.(名词)


A rapid, persistent chemical change that releases heat and light and is accompanied by flame, especially the exothermic oxidation of a combustible substance.
火:散发出光和热并伴有火焰的迅速的、持续的化学变化,尤指易燃物质放热的氧化作用
Burning fuel or other material:
燃烧物:燃料或其它可燃物质:
例句:
a cooking fire; a forest fire.
炊火;森林火灾



Burning intensity of feeling; ardor.See Synonyms at passion
热情:感情剧烈的燃烧;热情参见 passion
Enthusiasm.
狂热
Luminosity or brilliance, as of a cut and polished gemstone.
光辉,亮光:亮光或光辉,如雕琢发亮的宝石
Liveliness and vivacity of imagination; brilliance.
才气:想象的生动性和生命力;才华
A severe test; a trial or torment.
折磨:严格的考试;考验或磨难
A fever or bodily inflammation.
发烧或身体发炎


The discharge of firearms or artillery:
发射:火器或大炮的开火:
例句:
heard the fire of cannon.
听见炮火声

The launching of a missile, rocket, or similar ballistic body.
发射:导弹、火箭或类似抛射物的发射
Discharged bullets or other projectiles:
火力:发射出的 * 或其它弹丸:
例句:
subjected enemy positions to heavy mortar fire; struck by rifle fire.
受重型迫击炮火力威胁的敌军阵地;受步枪火力的袭击

Intense, repeated attack or criticism:
抨击:猛烈的、一连串的攻击和批评:
例句:
answered the fire from her political critics.
来自她政治评论的反击

n.attributive.(定语名词)
Often used to modify another noun:
常用于修饰另一个名词:
例句:
a fire chief; fire prevention.
消防队长;防火

v.(动词)
fired,fir.ing,fires
v.tr.(及物动词)


To cause to burn; ignite.
使燃烧;点燃
To light (something) up as if by fire:
象用火一样点亮(某物):
例句:
The morning sun fired the tops of the trees.
朝阳照亮了树林的顶端



To add fuel to (something burning).
加燃料:加燃料到(正燃烧的东西)里
To maintain or fuel a fire in.
生火:维持或给火加燃料


To bake in a kiln:
焙制:在窑里烧制:
例句:
fire pottery.
烧制陶器

To dry by heating.
烘干:通过加热使变干
To arouse the emotions of; make enthusiastic or ardent:
激起,唤起:激发热情;使充满热情或激情:
例句:
warriors who were fired by patriotism.
激起了爱国热情的战士们



To discharge (a firearm, for example).
开火(例如火器)
To detonate (an explosive).
引爆( * )


To propel (a projectile); launch (a missile).
发射:推动(抛射物);发射(导弹)
Informal To throw with force and speed; hurl:
【非正式用语】 猛掷:使劲快速地扔;投掷:
例句:
fire a ball at a batter.
向击球员猛掷一个球

To utter or direct with insistence:
质问:坚决地说或提出:
例句:
fired questions at the senator.
质问议员

Games To score (a number) in a game or contest.
【游戏】 得分:在游戏或竞赛中得(一)分
Informal To discharge from a position; dismiss.See Synonyms at dismiss
【非正式用语】 解雇:解除职务;开除参见 dismiss
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To become ignited; flame up.
点着;燃烧


To become excited or ardent.
充满热情:变得激动的或热烈的
To become angry or annoyed.
生气,发怒
To tend a fire.
照料炉火


To shoot a weapon:
开枪:
例句:
aimed and fired at the target.
向目标瞄准并射击

To detonate an explosive.
引 * 药
To ignite fuel, as in an engine.
点燃:如在内燃机里点燃燃料
Informal To project or hurl a missile:
【非正式用语】 投出:发射或投掷发射物:
例句:
The pitcher wound up and fired.
投手旋转起来投球

Physiology To generate an electrical impulse. Used of a neuron.
【生理学】 冲动:产生一个电冲。用于神经细胞
To become yellowed or brown before reaching maturity, as grain.
变黄:如谷物未成熟之前变黄或变褐

<常用词组>fire away 【非正式用语】
To start to talk or ask questions.
开始:开始讲话或问问题
fire off
To utter or ask rapidly.
冒出话题来:快速地说话或提问题
To write and send (a letter, for example) in haste.
匆忙地写或发送(例如一封信)
<习惯用语>between two fires
Being attacked from two sources or sides simultaneously.
两面夹击:受两面夹击,腹背受敌
on fire
Ignited; ablaze.
起火;着火
Filled with enthusiasm or excitement.
非常激动,充满热情
start a fire under 或
light a fire under 或
build a fire under 【俚语】
To urge or goad to action.
催促或唤起行动
under fire
Exposed or subjected to enemy attack.
遭到敌人的进攻
Exposed or subjected to critical attack or censure:
受到攻击或责难:
例句:
an official who was under fire for mismanagement.
因管理不善而遭指责的官员

来源:
Middle English fir
中古英语 fir
from Old English ftr * see pôr-
源自 古英语 ftr *参见 pôr-

【引伸】
fire.able
adj.(形容词)
fir.er
n.(名词)

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文章来源: http://www.riveriver.com文章标题: fire

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